Vultures are regarded as nature’s garbage disposers and this is due to the fact that they are perfectly adapted to keep the environment clean and healthy by efficiently locating and consuming carcasses, recycling energy through the food web and preventing the spread of diseases. Though they are doing a splendid job, they are facing extinction due to poisoning. The situation is grim, reveals Conservation officer at Birdlife Botswana Botilo Tshimologo. Tshimologo pointed out that 5 out of 11 vulture species that are found in Botswana are on the brink of extinction, blaming man-made toxins and illegal activities mostly poisoning by poachers and farmers. Regarding the poachers, Tshimologo said they deliberately target the birds by lacing carcasses with poisons as by circling around a dead animal might alert the authorities. Regarding the farmers, Tshimologo said they usually target lions or hyenas that have been attacking their livestock. “Vultures consume the poisoned predators or the baited carcass itself and subsequently become secondary, inadvertent victims,” he regretted.