The Kgatleng District Development Foundation (KDDF) will this week embark on historic massive billion Pula projects that is expected to create more than 5000 jobs.
Botswana’s GDP per capita is one of the highest in Africa. However, unemployment rate remains high at 17.8 percent, while more than 18.4 per cent of the population live below the poverty line. This is according to the African Economic Outlook, 2014.
KDDF executive chairman, Mpho Moruakgomo revealed in an interview on Friday that the foundation, with its partners, a consortium of multinational corporations have invested P1.1 billion to be used to undertake clean energy and cement production projects.
The KDDF is looking at mining the waste at Pilane Landfill, which will also be the site for the waste to energy project. As the works continue at the project more waste from Gaborone and other areas will also be needed to generate more electricity.
Phase one of the project is expected to generate 1 130 kilowatts per hour in electricity, from 30 tons per day of waste. The second phase will see 400 tons per day of waste being used to produce 15 mega watts.
Moruakgomo said they expect to complete phase two of the project by June 2016.
Cabinet has approved a policy on using alternative sources of energy, hence paving a way for projects like the Kgatleng energy projects to be part of the solution to Botswana’s power woes.
The KDDF also has its eyes on a project to capture the carbon dioxide that comes out when you burn waste and mineralise it into alumina silica which will be sold to the mines for smelting in Botswana and other countries.
The KDDF executive chairman said the total carbon dioxide generated from the project will be 20 000 tons per year. Input materials needed of feldspar will be 80 000 tons and brackish water that will be pumped from underground will be 20 000 cubic metres per year, the KDDF has revealed.
Botswana, which has been experiencing a construction boom for sometime now, needs a lot of cement for its infrastructure projects. Most of the cement is imported from South Africa from companies like PPC Cement. But now KDDF and its partners will also be manufacturing cement and already some big multinational companies are expected to partner in this massive project that is expected to generate a lot of jobs and boost the economy, especially through foreign direct investment. This will cut out a lot of expenses, especially transport costs and import duty. The KDDF says “Cement manufacturing is a particularly greenhouse gas-intensive industry (consistently accounting for 5 percent of global emissions), one of the principal aims of the project is to demonstrate the commercial viability of low-emissions cement manufacturing. In order to achieve this, a 100 ton per day cement plant will be installed on the project site, receiving input material from the carbon capture and neutralisation plant”.
Meanwhile, the waste-to-energy plant will supply the cement plant with power and gypsum products from the inert ash “that is discharged. Finally the carbon dioxide emissions generated by the cement plant will once again be fed back into the carbon capture and neutralisation plant to be neutralised, effectively creating a closed-loop manufacturing system,” he said.
Meanwhile the project is expected to see brackish underground water form boreholes that is unusable for human consumption measuring 20 million cubic litres per year will be used for farming and other things.
Moruakgomo said they expect to create jobs, foster clean environments as people will be incentivised to recycle waste. As part of social economic development, they will also, with their partners, engage in training and education programs where they will work with educational institutions to have courses offered at secondary school, universities; where they would even be post-graduate programs on waste. He said there are opportunities for enterprise development which include waste collection, transportation, recycling, cleaning, catering and security where people can partake to also benefit from the spin-offs.